Presentation of the speakers / Plenary lectures

Program of the Plenary sessions (May 17 and 18 - 2017)


Plenary session 1: Mediation, a tool for sociopolitical conflict resolution ?

Marie-Joëlle Zahar (Canada) images

United Nations Mediation: Time for a Change?

Marie-Joëlle Zahar is professor of Political Science, Director of the Research Network on Peace Operations and Fellow at the Centre for International Research and Studies at the Université de Montréal. From March 2013 until August 2015, she served as Senior Expert on Power Sharing on the Standby Team of Mediation Experts at the UN Department of Political Affairs. Her research interests span the dynamics of civil war and the politics of conflict-resolution.  She is a specialist of militia politics and war economies; transition violence and post-conflict power sharing. She has authored or co-authored more than seventy academic publications.

A graduate of McGill University, Professor Zahar has been visiting professor at the Université Lyon II and the Institut d’études politiques de Lyon, visiting scholar at the Centre d’études pour le monde arabe moderne, Université Saint-Joseph (Beirut, Lebanon), research fellow at Stanford’s Center for International Security and cooperation, and SSHRC post-doctoral fellow at the Munk Centre for International Studies (University of Toronto).

A former consultant for the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) and adjunct faculty member at the Pearson Peacekeeping Centre, she served on the board of directors of the Canadian Political Science Association, on the executive committee of the Canadian Consortium on Human Security. Since 2006, she has consulted for several non-governmental and governmental organizations working in post-conflict settings, notably in Iraq and the Sudan.


Wiliam Zartman (United States) 

What if they won't negociate ?

Jacob Blaustein Professor Emeritus of International Organizations and Conflict Resolution at SAIS; senior fellow and member of the steering committee of the Processes of International Negotiation (PIN) Program at Clingendael (NL).  Former director of SAIS Conflict Management and African Studies programs; was a consultant to the U.S. Department of State; president of the Tangier American Legation Institute for Moroccan Studies for 27 years; past president of the Middle East Studies Association and the American Institute for Maghrib Studies; member of the International Academic Advisory Council on the Mediation Initiative of the Department for Political Affairs of the UN, and founding president of the board of the International Peace and Security Institute (IPSI).  He received his doctorate from Yale and an honorary doctorate from the Catholic University of Louvain. Recipient of a lifetime achievement award from the International Association for Conflict Management, from the Center for Innovation in International Governance (CIGI), and the Peace Section of the International Studies Association (ISA). Jacob Blaustein Professor Emeritus of International Organizations and Conflict Resolution at SAIS; senior fellow and member of the steering committee of the Processes of International Negotiation (PIN) Program at Clingendael (NL).

Author and editor of such books as Preventing Deadly Conflict (2015);Arab Spring Negotiating in the Shadow of the Intifadat  (2015); The Global Power of Talk (2012, with Fen Osler Hampson)), Negotiation and Conflict Management; Essays on Theory and Practice (2010); International Cooperation: The Extents and Limits of Multilateralism (2010); Engaging Extremists: States and Terrorists Negotiating Ends and Means (2010); Negotiating with Terrorists (2006); Cowardly Lions: Missed Opportunities to Prevent Deadly Conflict and State Collapse (2005); Rethinking the Economics of War: The Intersection of Need, Creed and Greed  (2005); Escalation and Negotiation in International Conflict (2005); and Ripe for Resolution (1989).


John Packer  (Canada)

Reflections on the Evolving Normative Framework for International Peace Mediation; Implications for 'Transitions'

John Packer is Director of the Human Rights Research and Education Centre and an Associate Professor of Law at the University of Ottawa.  He previously taught at the Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy (Tufts University) and the University of Essex (UK), held Fellowships at Cambridge and Harvard Universities, and has lectured at academic and professional institutions around the world.  Over his 30-year career, he was an inter-governmental official for 20 years (UNHCR, ILO, OHCHR, UNDPA, OSCE), advised the principal regional and other inter-governmental organizations, and counseled numerous governments, communities and other actors in over fifty countries. The focus of his research and practice is at the inter-section of human rights (including minority rights) and security, notably conflict prevention and quiet diplomacy, international mediation, transitional arrangements, and institutional developments at domestic and multilateral levels.  He publishes widely, is on the Boards of several scholarly journals and NGOs, and is a Member of the Expert Advisory Panel for the Shared Societies Project of the Club de Madrid comprising 100 former Heads of State and Government of democracies.


Plenary session 2: reconciliation and aboriginal peoples

foto-ricardo-salasRicardo Salas Astrain (Chili) 

Ethnic Conflicts and Reconciliation in the Land of the Mapuche: Intercultural Justice and Mediation

Ricardo Salas Astrain, Ph.D., is the Director of the Research Center for Ethnic and Intercultural Studies (NEII-UCT) and researcher at CONICYT (Chile). His philosophical research focuses on interethnic and intercultural conflicts, recognition, and cultural mediation, in particular the politics of recognition related to asymmetric cultural contexts. He is the author of several books, including Lo Sagrado y lo Humano (Santiago, 1996),  Ética Intercultural, (Santiago, 2003 and Quito, 2006),  Éticas convergentes en la encrucijada de la postmodernidad (2011), and Pensamiento Crítico Latinoamericano. Conceptos fundamentales, Santiago, 2005, 3 volumes. He recently edited with F. Le Bonniec Les mapuches à La Mode, Paris, Editions l’Harmattan, 2015, and with G. Sauerwald, La cuestión del Reconocimiento en América Latina, Münster, Lit-Verlag, 2016).

image002Raphael Mapou (Nouvelle-Calédonie) 

Mediation and Conflict Regulation in a Postcolonial Aboriginal Context

Raphaël Mapou received his degree in Public Law from UPVD University in Perpignan, France in 2012. He is currently writing her PhD thesis on the "Dialectical Approach to the System of Legal Pluralism in New Caledonia." As a former politician fighting for independence, since 2002 he has been involved in the indigeneous struggle for environmental rights and the defense of heritage rights. Since 2004, he has been a strategic and technical advisor to the Customary Senate, an institution representing the Kanak chiefdoms, created by the Noumea Agreement in 1998 to organize the process of decolonization of Kanaky - New Caledonia. In his work, R. Mapou coordinates the work of defining the principles and values systems of the Kanak civilization. Following the consultation of the 360 indigenous chieftains and customary institutions, which include the 8 customary regions of New Caledonia, this work resulted in the adoption and proclamation on 26 April 2014 by the Kanak People's Assembly of the CHARTER OF THE KANAK PEOPLE. Throughout his political and professional life, R. Mapou had to educate about and conduct mediations of reconciliation and resolve conflicts over customs as well as conflicts of a more political and environmental nature.


Pierrot Ross-Tremblay (Canada)

L'épreuve de la vérité : les premiers peuples, le Canada et la réconciliation

Pierrot Ross-Tremblay is Chair of the Department of Sociology and Professor at Laurentian University in Sudbury, Canada. He holds a doctorate from the University of Essex in Great Britain. His research in sociology of memory has dealt with the phenomenon of cultural oblivion, its determinants and mnemonic practices (relation to the past) within his group of origin (Essipiunnuat). He holds a Master's degree in Conflict Studies from the University of Ottawa and a Bachelor of Laws from Laval University. He is a co-researcher and head of the research group on the Innu legal tradition in the international project funded by SSHRC's State and Aboriginal Legal Cultures: A Right in Search of Legitimacy. His current research focuses on subjective amnesia, the policies of oblivion and their intergenerational consequences following traumatic experiences, the use of life-story narratives as a strategy of cultural revitalization, and non-violent and endogenous alternatives to the regime destined to First Peoples in Canada. He has extensive expertise in institutional design, diplomacy, conflict management and the resolution of complex issues and negotiating processes involving First Peoples. He has participated in several film initiatives as an expert in contemporary relations between First Peoples and Francophones in Canada. His book Thou Shalt Forget: Indigenous Sovereignty, Resistance and the Production of Cultural Oblivion in Canada will soon be published in the Critical Human Rights Series at Human Rights Consortium, Institute of Commonwealth Studies..


Plenary session 3: Institutionalization of mediations

Daniela Gaddi (Spain) fiche-gaddi-d

One last chance to make it real. The Institutionalization, Juridification, and Transformation of Mediation: Effects and Suggestions for Reform

Mediator Daniel Gaddi studied law and criminology at the University of Milan. She holds a doctorate in Public Law and in Legal and Political Philosophy from the Autonomous University of Barcelona. She received her training in mediation from the Mediation and Mediation Training Centre in Paris. After working as a criminologist at the Prison Service and the Court of Milan, she began working in social mediation in Italy and in Spain. She has taught at universities in various countries. She currently works in research and teaching. She is the author of scholarly publications on social and criminal mediation.

v2_4613-3Louise Otis (Canada) 

Mediation by Judges: Reworking the Justice System

Louise Otis is an active judge, arbitrator and mediator in administrative and commercial matters. She is also Adjunct Professor at McGill University, Faculty of Law (McGill). She was appointed a Judge at the Quebec Court of Appeal. In 1997, Ms. Otis instituted one of the world’s first programs of integrated judicial mediation. In Quebec, all the courts and tribunals have since developed a judicial mediation program, integrated into the traditional justice system. In 2007, Louise Otis was appointed by the United Nations (UN) Secretary-General Kofi Annan to a 5-member panel of independent international experts, in charge of redesigning the United Nations system of administration of justice. In 2008, the recommendations of the experts were approved by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and by the General Assembly of the United Nations. Since 2004, at her instigation, a program of facilitation in criminal matters has also been launched in Quebec. In 2016, Louise Otis was named Grand Officer of the Ordre National du Québec and received the Prix de la Justice award. In 2015, Louise Otis was named Officer of the Order of Canada for her “contributions to expanding the administration of justice in Canada as a judge at the Quebec Court of Appeal, and for having created and established judicial mediation systems.” In October 2015, International Academy of Mediators awarded her the David Plant Award for Excellence in International Dispute Resolution.

Ivo Aertsen (Belgium) fiche-info-conf-ivo-aertsen

Institutionalising mediation: A contradictio in terminis, or the need of an implementation theory

Ivo Aertsen is Professor of Criminology at the University of Leuven (Belgium), where he is Director of the Research Line on ‘Restorative Justice and Victimology’. His main fields of research and teaching are victimology, penology and restorative justice. Ivo Aertsen has been chair of the European Forum for Restorative Justice (EFRJ) from 2000-2004, and has coordinated COST Action A21 on Restorative Justice research in Europe from 2002-2006. He has acted as expert for the U.N., the Council of Europe, the OSCE and the European Union. He was also the academic coordinator of the European FP7-project 'ALTERNATIVE' (2012-2016) on developing alternative understandings of justice and security through participatory approaches in intercultural settings. Dr. Aertsen also acts as Editor-in-Chief of 'Restorative Justice: An International Journal'. For more information:

Plenary session 4 : reflection on place and impact of mediation

Jacques Faget (France) faget

Democracy, Institutions, and the Market:  the Contrary Winds of Mediation

Jacques Faget Emeritus Research Director at the CNRS (Centre Emile Durkheim), Professor at the Institute of Political Studies in Bordeaux and in various European universities, is the author of numerous publications on criminal policy, restorative justice, and policies on access to law and mediation. His most recent books are Médiations. Les ateliers silencieux de la démocratie, Toulouse, Eres, 2015 (2nd edition), Sociologie de la délinquance et de la justice pénale, Toulouse, Eres, 2013 (3rd edition), Mediation in political conflicts. Counter Culture gold soft power? Hart Publishing, Oxford, 2011. Expert in various European and French commissions on restorative justice and mediation, he is also director of a series with Erès editions, and is first editorial director and host of the bilingual electronic journal Champ Pénal/Penal field .

Camila Silva Nicacio (Brasil) fiche-nicacio-c

Between Appropriation and Imitation:  Obstacles to Changing Mediation

Camila Nicacio is Professor in the Faculty of Law of the Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG). Visiting professor at Ecole de Droit of la Sorbonne - University Paris I (2016-2017). She manages the Private Clinic of Human Rights (CdH-UFMG). She was formerly the Education Undersecretary of State for juvenile delinquents of the State of Minas Gerais. She holds a doctorate in Legal Anthropology from the University of Paris I, Pantheon-Sorbonne and a Master II in Legal Sociology from the University of Paris III, the Sorbonne-Nouvelle. She is the author of Des normes et des liens, Médiation et complexité juridique published in 2013 by the Presses Académiques Francophones.


Claude Houssemand (Luxembourg)

Psychosocial approach to the evolution and scope of mediation

Claude Houssemand (PhD) is Professor of differential cognitive psychology, Director of the LifeLong Learning and Guidance Institute and Head of studies of the Master in Mediation at the University of Luxembourg. Since the end of the 1990s, he has developed university-training courses in mediation in Luxembourg (in a European partnership), organized various international conferences on conflict resolution and conducted numerous research on this topic (Social representations of mediation in Luxembourg, Evaluation of effects long-term mediation and Institutionalization of commercial mediation in Europe). He is the author of scientific articles in this field of research, for example, Mediators' self-perception of their work and practice: content and lexical Analysis. The Qualitative Report (2017); The mediation process and its outcome at the crossroads of psychological and social dimensions: research tracks. European Review of Applied Psychology (in press); La médiation vue par la société : L'exemple du Luxembourg. In Penser la médiation (2008) [The mediation seen by society: The example of Luxembourg. In Thinking Mediation]; La médiation en milieu scolaire. In Gewalt an Luxemburger Schulen. Stand of the Forschung (2004) [Mediation in schools. In Violence in Luxembourg schools. Stand of the Research].

This content has been updated on 25 June 2017 at 16 h 33 min.